Adam Smith Institute
The Adam Smith Institute (ASI) calls itself "the UK’s leading libertarian think tank". It says that it "engineers policies to increase Britain’s economic competitiveness, inject choice into public services, and create a freer, more prosperous society". The free-market think tank promotes strong visions against regulation of smoking; in June 2013, it was found to accept money from the tobacco industry.
The Institute also has a history of close collaboration with the tobacco industry, detailed on the pages below:
Received Funding from Tobacco Industry
Both JTI, which makes Camel, and Imperial, whose brands include Embassy, defended their donations to the thinktanks. "We believe the contributions of organisations like the ASI and the IEA are very valuable in an open and free society. We respect their work and share their views on many issues," a spokesman for Imperial told the newspaper. In a statement JTI said: "We work with the Institute of Economic Affairs and the Adam Smith Institute as their economic and behavioural expertise help us better understand which tobacco regulation measures will work and which will not." A spokesman for Marlboro manufacturer Philip Morris International confirmed that the company is a member of the Institute of Economic Affairs, but refused to provide any details on ASI.
The ASI confirmed that 3% of its funding came from tobacco firms, although it declined to reveal how much (see below). A spokesman told the Observer it had a policy of capping private donations, but declined to reveal the level of the cap. "However, the latest available company accounts reveal that Adam Smith Services Ltd had an income of just under £750,000 in 2011, which suggests that it received around £24,000 from 'big tobacco'."
The Observer added:
- Their admissions have dismayed health groups, which question the degree to which both organisations have influenced government thinking, especially on plain packaging for cigarettes. It also highlights the entrenched links between "big tobacco" and the libertarian strand of British politics that has been strengthened by the recent rise of Ukip, a party that has positioned itself firmly on the side of smokers.
Both think tanks have a history of criticising regulation of smoking such as plain packaging and the smoking ban in pubs, arguing that they represent an attack on civil liberties, as is detailed on this page and that of the IEA and Mark Littlewood.
Furthermore, the fact that the two think tanks take money from the industry raises questions about whether World Health Organisation (WHO) guideline governing transparency on tobacco funding are being breached.
No Disclosure on Funding
ASI does not disclose its sources of funding on its website. It does sell ‘subscriptions’ costing £150 for individuals, £500 for companies and institutions, ‘partner membership’ for more than £1000 per year. ‘Patrons’ of the organisation give £5,000 or more a year. 
ASI does not publish a list of it subscribers, partners or patrons, but has admitted funding from "a couple" of tobacco companies in the recent past.
- "There is no solid evidence of its efficacy or unintended consequences"
- "The public does not believe that plain packaging will stop people smoking"
- "It is hard to think of a policy that could delight counterfeiters more than standardising the design, shape and colour of cigarette packs"
- "Plain packaging is an infringement of intellectual property rights and a violation of international free trade agreements"
- "It limits information and restricts choice".
- We commissioned this report ourselves because it reflects our free market, libertarian ideology. Indeed, the Adam Smith Institute does not do commissioned research.
- However, there are a couple of tobacco companies that have corporate subscriptions at the Institute. The revenue from this – while welcome – is not terribly significant. It amounted to less than 3 percent of our 2011 income. Moreover, neither of these companies has played any role whatsoever in the production or editing of this report. We take our independence very seriously.
£9,000 from Big Tobacco
Two months later, the Financial Times reported that the ASI had received £9,000 from tobacco companies in 2011. In May 2012, the Tobacco Control Research Group at the University of Bath asked the ASI whether it was currently receiving tobacco industry funding, or had received funding in the past. The Group received no reply to its request.
The Letter to the Daily Telegraph
In March 2011, Eamonn Butler, the Director of the ASI, was one of a number of signatories of a Letter to the Editor to the Daily Telegraph attacking the Government's position on tobacco control and arguing against further restrictions.
Save Our Pubs & Clubs: AmendTheSmokingBan.com is a "coalition of groups and individuals who believe that the public smoking ban introduced in Scotland in 2006 and the rest of the United Kingdom in 2007 is excessive and should be amended."
The website lists the following partners, along with the Adam Smith Institute:
Dr Eamonn Butler attended the launch of Save Our Pubs & Clubs: AmendTheSmokingBan.com, and wrote a blog attaching the "daft, unintended consequences" of the legislation. Warnings about the 'unintended consequences' of tighter tobacco laws is something of an industry mantra.
Tobacco Products Directive
Late 2010, ASI's Research Manager Sam Bowman submitted a pro-tobacco response to the European Commission's consultation on the possible revision of the Tobacco Products Directive, arguing that the EU ban on snus should be lifted as it ignored "the issues of civil liberties". Bowman furthermore suggested that all EU-wide regulations on cigarette packaging should be removed, allowing member states to make their own regulations, and argued against an EU-wide reporting format for tobacco products. Bowman's submission was also highly in favour of tobacco product innovations, arguing that "tobacco is nonetheless a popular substance that many EU citizens enjoy consuming. Innovations that enhance enjoyment of tobacco should not stifled unless the innovations themselves are directly harmful".
Articles and blogs
On 10 March 2011, Tom Clougherty wrote an article. on the ASI website calling the government’s proposal for to ban the display of tobacco in shops and to consider plain packaging “fundamentally illiberal”. Repeating the same arguments put forward by the tobacco industry, he claimed: “Neither is justified based on the evidence… and both will create all sorts of unintended consequences (display bans will cost shopkeepers thousands of pounds, plain packaging will severely exacerbate existing problems with counterfeiting).” He added:
- “It seems to me that tobacco is at the coalface of a much bigger cultural battle, in which capitalism, individualism and rationality are all coming under relentless attack by the enemies of freedom.”
On 18 December 2010, Tim Worstall wrote a blog on the ASI website, citing Christopher Snowdon's blog Velvet Glove Iron Fist. He claimed that people claim that smoking bans reduce heart attacks are "lying to us", and that the "various controls and bans on smoking in Ireland have actually increased smoking".
With apparently no irony, given the ASI’s history of taking money from the tobacco industry, Sam Bowman wrote on 27 October 2010: “A new report released today by Forest, the smokers’ lobby, shows the extent to which the government has been funding groups like Action on Smoking and Health and No Smoking Day and continues to do so.” He called for abolition of “anti-smoking quangos”.
Dr Tim Evans from the ASI was also an associate in the tobacco-funded scientific front organisation Associates for Research in the Science of Enjoyment (ARISE).
The purpose of ARISE was to "develop scientific research into the enjoyment of products that give pleasure using a wide body of academic opinion, while it also promoted the "the sensory and other effects of alcohol, chocolate, coffee, tea and tobacco".
ASI's website lists the following staff members:
- Dr Madsen Pirie, president
- Dr Eamonn Butler, director
- Tom Clougherty, executive director
- Sally Thompson, communications director
- Sam Bowman, research manager
- JP Floru, parliamentary liaison
- Dr Tim Evans, consultant director
There are also more than 20 Adam Smith Institute fellows.
Other entries relevant to the ASI:
- ASI: History of Close Ties with the Tobacco Industry
- Letter to the Editor
- ASI is a partner of the Atlas Network
- Institute of Economic Affairs
- Adam Smith Institute, Home page, Adam Smith Institute, undated, accessed 15 June 2011
- J. Doward, Health groups dismayed by news 'big tobacco' funded rightwing thinktanks, The Adam Smith Institute and the Institute of Economic Affairs received money from cigarette firms, it has been revealed, the Observer, 1 June 2013, accessed June 2013
- Adam Smith Institute, ‘‘Support the Adam Smith Institute’’, undated, accessed 15 June 2011
- Christopher Snowdon, Plain packaging: Commercial expression, anti-smoking extremism and the risks of hyper-regulation, Adam Smith Institute, 20 February 2012
- Action on Smoking and Health, Tobacco industry "invisible hand" behind Adam Smith Institute plain packs report, ASH website, 20 February 2012
- Adam Smith Institute, quoted by Christopher Snowdon's blog post Plain Packaging: Commercial expression, anti-smoking extremism and the risks of hyper-regulation, Iron Fist, Velvet Glove website, 20 February 2012
- Christopher Thompson, "Big Tobacco Hits out at 'Big Mother'", Financial Times, 7 April 2012, p4
- Tobacco Control Research Group, Submitted Online Contact Form Inquiry to ASI, 25 May 2012
- The Free Society, Voices of freedom, undated, accessed 11 June 2011
- AmendTheSmokingBan.com, About us, undated, accessed 14 June 2011
- Adam Smith Institute, Amend the smoking ban, blog, 23 June 2009, accessed 15 June 2011
- See Privacy International - Repeating industry arguments
- European Commission,Results of Consultation and Next Steps: NGOs, Excel sheet entry #139, accessed 29/02/2012
- Adam Smith Institute, Smoking and individualism, 10 March 2011, accessed 15 June 2011
- Adam Smith Institute, On smoking bans and lies about smoking bans, 18 December 2010, accessed 15 June 2011
- Adam Smith Institute, The anti-smoking boondoggle, website, 27 October 2010, accessed 15 June 2011
- Adam Smith Institute, Key People, undated, accessed 15 June 2011
- Columnists: Eamonn Butler, The Free Society website, undated, accessed 15 June 2011